Scabies is a skin infestation caused by an arthropod called itch mite which is also known as the Sarcoptes scabei.  It is also known as itchy dermatitis. A patient with ordinary scabies may have an average of 12 mites; however, those with crusted scabies may have thousands of mites. The infestation occurs at all ages, but particularly in children.

Untreated this microscopic itch mite can live on your skin for months. they reproduce on the surface of your skin and they burrow into and lay eggs. This causes the itchy, red rash to form on the skin. It is a common public health problem in poor communities and is widespread in many underdeveloped countries.

scabies sign and symptoms

If you have scabies you will have a very itchy rash that is worse at bedtime or when it’s too warm/hot.

  • The rashes can develop at any part of the body like it can develop in between the fingers and toes, on your wrist, elbow, around your waist, on your buttock and also in the groin area.
  • children often get rashes all over the body.
  • adults generally do not get rashes on head and neck.

common signs are

  • Red color on your affected area
  • small pimples
  • white pus from the pimples
  • Rough skin

How is it spread?

scabies is highly contagious, and it spread from person to person by direct mode of transmission i.e skin contact. It also transfers from clothes and bedding like pillow cover, bedsheets and many more. infestation occurs when the pregnant female itch mite burrows into the skin and lays eggs. after two or three days, the larvae appear and dig a new hole. They mature, mate, and repeat this cycle every two weeks.

Is scabies a sexually transmitted infection?

yes, scabies can be classed as a sexually transmitted infection because it can be spread through sexual contact.

Treatment

The treatment of the scabies are bulleted below:

Pharmacological treatment

  • Benzoyl benzate-25%, for 3 successive days
  • sulfur ointment (2.5  to 1 %: daily for 4 days)
  • Tetmosol: 5% thrice daily application
  • crotamiton 10% cream or lotion

prevention

Prevention methods can be applied to stop the spreading of scabies. some of the prevention methods are listed below:

  • Everyone clothes should be washed in hot water and dried including non-affected members of the family.
  • Pillow, bed sheets, the towel should be regularly washed in hot water and should be dried very well.
  • The pharmacological treatment should be repeated as per the advice of a doctor.
  • exclude from school, childcare or work until the day after the appropriate treatment.

Summary

Scabies is known as communicable disease as they get transmitted from one person to another very easily. it spread by skin contact, by sharing clothes and bedding. for this reason, it’s more common when you have lots of people living together in close contact. The rashes of scabies look like a small blister surrounded by red patches. Scabies mites are very tiny– the size of pin head-so it very difficult to see. if you experience and severity related to scabies, please do visit your doctor as soon as possible.